If your goal is to attain a Permanent Residency in the U.S., then you should know about the five employment-based categories. Your chosen category should depend on your studies, skills, and qualifications.
It is a bit hard to obtain the EB-1 green card, but because of the fewer verification steps, it has the quickest processing time. EB-2 and EB-3 categories need more detailed documentation, more extended screenings, and more waiting periods. But, more candidates are eligible for EB-2 and EB-3 green cards than any other classes mentioned here.
EB-4 and EB-5 are exceptional cases; the EB-4 is dedicated to religious workers while the EB-5 is dedicated to investors. Now let’s discuss the five classifications in detail.
EB-1 – Priority Workers
This category includes Nobel prize winners, Pulitzer prize winners, Olympians, and other award winners. Usually, this is a challenging category to get approved. Since the candidates of this category are highly talented individuals held in the highest regard, EB-1 workers do not require a job offer to be considered.
EB-2 – Professionals with exceptional ability
This category requires its candidates to have a proper job invitation from an employer to enter the U.S. EB-2 workers have advanced degrees and technical knowledge in fields such as engineering, medicine, energy, leadership, and business.
EB-3 – Skilled or Professional Workers
EB-3 applicants are those individuals that bear a minimum of a Bachelor’s degree and have a minimum of 5 years of experience. The requirements for EB-3 are flexible. Due to this, the backlog of applications is much higher. Consequently, the waiting periods for an EB-3 can be for years compared to the waiting period for an EB-2.
EB-4 – Religious Workers
Usually, these non-profit workers are connected with synagogues, churches, mosques, or other religious organizations. Applicants of this category must only be working for these institutions. You may be eligible for this category if you are one of the following:
- G-4 International Organization or NATO-6 Employee
- Special Immigrant Juvenile
- Armed Forces Member
- International Employee of the U.S. Government Abroad
- Panama Canal Zone Employee
- Specific kinds of Physicians
- Afghan or Iraqi translator
- Afghan or Iraqi citizen who has provided faith service in support of U.S. operations.
EB-5 – Investors
This is one of the most expensive paths to be eligible for. This category is reserved for investors who must invest a minimum of $1 million into an industry in the U.S. To qualify, investors must recruit 10 American workers and work with the U.S. Department of Labor. If, at the end of a 2-year review period, the business is successful, then the investor is provided a residential visa.
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